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Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production

Received: 28 March 2022    Accepted: 16 April 2022    Published: 10 May 2022
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Abstract

Knee injury is common in contact sports and the drive to prevent or mitigate its effect has gotten research and orthopaedic attention over the years. Currently, knee brace is the most utilized facility for managing knee discomfort, whether as a preventive measure or after meniscus surgery and dislocation. In this study, we carried out a preliminary evaluation on aluminium-rice husk ash (Al-RHA) composite for the solid biomaterial portion of a prophylactic knee brace. Four composites were produced from aluminium and varied proportions of rice husk ash in the ratio of 8:2, 6:4, 4:6 and 2:8, respectively. We employed a two step-stir casting process in the production of the composite and the four composite specimens as well as a control specimen (0% rice husk ash) were subjected to both tensile and compression tests. The displacements, strain, and densities for each test were obtained. The densities of the composites decreased with increase in the percentage volumes of rich husk ash as the value decreased from 193.02kgm-3 (for the control sample at 0%) to 164.83kgm-3 at 8% RHA addition, respectively. The experimental results for the strain and displacement were validated using finite element analysis (FEA) which confirms the experiment that aluminium-rice husk ash composite gives best mechanical properties for production of the prophylactic knee brace at 4% proportion of rice husk ash.

Published in Composite Materials (Volume 6, Issue 1)
DOI 10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14
Page(s) 32-38
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Aluminium Alloy, Composite, Density, Finite Element Analysis (FEA), Kneel Brace, Rice Husk Ash (RHA)

References
[1] Mortaza, N., Ebrahim, I., Jamshidi, A., Abdollah, V., Kamali, M., Abu-Osman, N., et al. (2012). The Effects of a Prophylactic Knee Brace and Two Neoprene Knee Sleeves on the Performance of Healthy Athletes: A Crossover Randomized Controlled Trial. PLOSONE, 7 (11); 1-7.
[2] Rishiraj, N., Taunton, J. E., Lioyd-Smith, R., Woollard, R., Regan, W., & Clement, D. (2009). The Potential Role of Prophylactic/ Functional Knee Bracing in Preventing Knee Ligament Injury. Sports Medicine, 39 (11); 937-960.
[3] Sinclair, J., Richard, J., & Taylor, P. (2017). Efects of prophylactic knee bracing on patellar tendon loading parameters during functional sports tasks in recreational athletes. Sport Science for Health, 14 (1); 151-160.
[4] Schneider, L., & Fogel, J. (1991). Review of Prophylactic Knee Bracing in Athletes; Does it Work? Clinical Anatomy, 4 (1); 13-25.
[5] Park, J., & Jakes, R. (2007). Biomaterials (An Introduction): Third Edition. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.
[6] Babalola, P., Bolu, C., & Inegbenebor, A. (2014). Development of Aluminium Matrix Composites; A Review. Online International Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, 2, 1-11.
[7] Ahmed, A., Ahmed, R., Hossian, M., & Billah, M. (2016). Fabrication and Characterization of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite prepared by stir casting method. Rajshahi University Journal of science & Engineering, 44; 9-18.
[8] Chee, W., Ooi, C., & Yeuh, F. (2016). Rice Husk and Rice Husk Ash reutilization into nanoporous materials for adsorptive Biomedical application: A Review.
[9] Muramatsu, H., Kim, Y., Yang, S., Cruz-Silva, R., Toda, I., Yamada, T., et al. (2014). Rice husk-derived graphene with nano-sized domains and clean edges. Small, 10 (14); 2766–2770.
[10] Yalçin, N., & Sevinç, V. (2001). Studies on silica obtained from rice husk. Ceramics International, 27; 219-224.
[11] Chandrasekhar, S., Pramada, P., & Majeed, J. (2006). Effect of calcination temperature and heating rate on the optical properties and reactivity of rice husk ash. Journal of Material Science, 41 (23); 26-33.
[12] Alaneme, K., & Olubambi, P. (2013). Corrosion and wear behaviour of rice husk ash—Alumina reinforced Al–Mg–Si alloy matrix hybrid composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2 (2); 188-194.
[13] Aleneme, K., Aewale, T., & OLubambi, P. (2013). Corrosion and wear behavior of Al-Mg-Si alloy matrix shybrid composites reinforced with rice husk ash and silicon carbide. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 3 (1); 9-16.
[14] Lencaster, L., Lung, M., & Sujan, D. (2013). Utilizationof Agro-Industrial waste in Metal composites: Towards Sustainability. International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, 7 (1); 25-33.
[15] Hosford, W. F., & Duncan, J. L. (1994, September). The Aluminium Beverage can. Scientific American, pp. 48-53.
[16] Alsaffar, K., & Hassan, B. (2008). Recycling of Aluminium Beverage cans. Journal of Engineering and Development, 12; 157-163.
[17] Aleneme, K., Akintunde, B., & Olubambi, P. (2013). Fabrication Characteristics and Mechanical behavior of rice husk ash – Alumina reinforced Al-Mg-Si alloy matrix hybrid composites. Journal of Research and Technology, 2 (1); 60-67.
[18] Usman, A. M., Raji, A., Waziri, N. H., Hassan, M. A. (2014). Production and Characterization of Aluminum alloy-bagasse ash composites. Journal of mechanical and civil Engineering, 11 (4); 38-44.
[19] Magibalan & Palanisamy, Senthil & Vignesh, P. & Prabu, M & Balan, A. V. & Shivasankaran, N. (2017). aluminium metal matrix composites – a review. transactions on advancements in science and technology. 1. 1-6.
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  • APA Style

    Onuh Ene Joy, Olorunnisola Olajide Abel, Oyejide Ayodele James, Atoyebi Ebenezer Oluwatosin, Oni Oyebola. (2022). Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production. Composite Materials, 6(1), 32-38. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14

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    ACS Style

    Onuh Ene Joy; Olorunnisola Olajide Abel; Oyejide Ayodele James; Atoyebi Ebenezer Oluwatosin; Oni Oyebola. Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production. Compos. Mater. 2022, 6(1), 32-38. doi: 10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14

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    AMA Style

    Onuh Ene Joy, Olorunnisola Olajide Abel, Oyejide Ayodele James, Atoyebi Ebenezer Oluwatosin, Oni Oyebola. Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production. Compos Mater. 2022;6(1):32-38. doi: 10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14,
      author = {Onuh Ene Joy and Olorunnisola Olajide Abel and Oyejide Ayodele James and Atoyebi Ebenezer Oluwatosin and Oni Oyebola},
      title = {Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production},
      journal = {Composite Materials},
      volume = {6},
      number = {1},
      pages = {32-38},
      doi = {10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.cm.20220601.14},
      abstract = {Knee injury is common in contact sports and the drive to prevent or mitigate its effect has gotten research and orthopaedic attention over the years. Currently, knee brace is the most utilized facility for managing knee discomfort, whether as a preventive measure or after meniscus surgery and dislocation. In this study, we carried out a preliminary evaluation on aluminium-rice husk ash (Al-RHA) composite for the solid biomaterial portion of a prophylactic knee brace. Four composites were produced from aluminium and varied proportions of rice husk ash in the ratio of 8:2, 6:4, 4:6 and 2:8, respectively. We employed a two step-stir casting process in the production of the composite and the four composite specimens as well as a control specimen (0% rice husk ash) were subjected to both tensile and compression tests. The displacements, strain, and densities for each test were obtained. The densities of the composites decreased with increase in the percentage volumes of rich husk ash as the value decreased from 193.02kgm-3 (for the control sample at 0%) to 164.83kgm-3 at 8% RHA addition, respectively. The experimental results for the strain and displacement were validated using finite element analysis (FEA) which confirms the experiment that aluminium-rice husk ash composite gives best mechanical properties for production of the prophylactic knee brace at 4% proportion of rice husk ash.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Preliminary Evaluation of Aluminium-Rice Husk Ash Composite for Prophalytic Knee Brace Production
    AU  - Onuh Ene Joy
    AU  - Olorunnisola Olajide Abel
    AU  - Oyejide Ayodele James
    AU  - Atoyebi Ebenezer Oluwatosin
    AU  - Oni Oyebola
    Y1  - 2022/05/10
    PY  - 2022
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14
    DO  - 10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14
    T2  - Composite Materials
    JF  - Composite Materials
    JO  - Composite Materials
    SP  - 32
    EP  - 38
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7103
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cm.20220601.14
    AB  - Knee injury is common in contact sports and the drive to prevent or mitigate its effect has gotten research and orthopaedic attention over the years. Currently, knee brace is the most utilized facility for managing knee discomfort, whether as a preventive measure or after meniscus surgery and dislocation. In this study, we carried out a preliminary evaluation on aluminium-rice husk ash (Al-RHA) composite for the solid biomaterial portion of a prophylactic knee brace. Four composites were produced from aluminium and varied proportions of rice husk ash in the ratio of 8:2, 6:4, 4:6 and 2:8, respectively. We employed a two step-stir casting process in the production of the composite and the four composite specimens as well as a control specimen (0% rice husk ash) were subjected to both tensile and compression tests. The displacements, strain, and densities for each test were obtained. The densities of the composites decreased with increase in the percentage volumes of rich husk ash as the value decreased from 193.02kgm-3 (for the control sample at 0%) to 164.83kgm-3 at 8% RHA addition, respectively. The experimental results for the strain and displacement were validated using finite element analysis (FEA) which confirms the experiment that aluminium-rice husk ash composite gives best mechanical properties for production of the prophylactic knee brace at 4% proportion of rice husk ash.
    VL  - 6
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria

  • Department of Wood Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Achievers University, Owo, Nigeria

  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Achievers University, Owo, Nigeria

  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria

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